Child's Kidney problems

Child's Kidney problems

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Child's Kidney problems
Posted in 2014
The most common kidney diseases in children are present at birth. They include:
  • Posterior urethral valve obstruction: This narrowing or obstruction of the urethra affects only boys. It can be diagnosed before the baby is born or just after and is treated with surgery.
  • Fetal hydronephrosis: This enlargement of one or both of the kidneys is caused by either an obstruction in the developing urinary tract or a condition called vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in which urine abnormally flows backward (or refluxes) from the bladder into the ureters. Fetal hydronephrosis is usually diagnosed before the child is born and treatment varies widely. In some cases the condition only requires ongoing monitoring; in others, surgery must be done to clear the obstruction from the urinary tract.
  • Polycystic kidney disease (PKD): This is a condition in which many fluid-filled cysts develop in both kidneys. The cysts can multiply so much and grow so large that they lead to kidney failure. Most forms of PKD are inherited. Doctors can diagnose it before or after the child is born. In some cases, there are no symptoms; in others, PKD can lead to UTIs, kidney stones, and high blood pressure. Treatment for PKD varies — some cases can be managed with dietary changes; others require a kidney transplant or dialysis.
  • Multicystic kidney disease (MKD): This is when large cysts develop in a kidney that hasn't developed properly, eventually causing it to stop working. (While PKD always affects both kidneys, MKD usually affects just one kidney.) Fortunately, the unaffected kidney takes over and most people with MKD will have normal kidney function. MKD usually is diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound before birth. Doctors manage it by monitoring blood pressure and screening for UTIs when needed. Very rarely, surgical removal of the kidney might be necessary.
  • Renal tubular acidosis
  • Wilms tumor
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Nephrotic syndrome
Congenital problems with the urinary tract: As a baby develops in the womb, part of the urinary tract can grow to an abnormal size or in an abnormal shape or position. These problems include:
  • duplication of the ureters, in which a kidney has two ureters instead of one. This can lead to urinary tract infections over time and can be treated with medication or, in some cases, with surgery.
  • horseshoe kidney, where the two kidneys are fused (connected) into one arched kidney that usually functions normally, but is more prone to develop problems later in life. An uncomplicated horseshoe kidney does not need medical or surgical treatment, but it does need to be checked regularly by doctors.

My advise
1...  Kidneys play very important role to eliminate unwanted present in blood through urine.
2...  Kidneys filter 3 liters of blood per hour, if it doesn't work we may be sick.
3...  Water you drink will mixed with blood  move your entire body and  collect unwanted present in blood and send to purify blood to kidneys then our kidneys purify blood every minute and any harmful to our health will be sent out with urine.
4.....If you don't drink sufficient water then unwanted will be stored in your kidneys and spoil your kidneys
5..   When kidneys spoils we need to transplant it with healthy kidney.
6...   If you doesn't receive healthy kidney you may  ..........................................
7....  I advise every one to drink sufficient water to protect your kidneys and health
8...   When pregnant woman don't drink sufficient water the child's kidneys may spoil before birth and he may face many health problems.

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