Birth defects due to gestational diabetes in Mother

 Birth defects due to gestational diabetes in Mother 

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Birth defects due to gestational diabetes in Mother
Posted in 2015

Diabetics and women who get gestational diabetes (diabetes that occurs during pregnancy) are advised to maintain strict control over the condition during their pregnancy. Raised blood sugar, especially during the first trimester, can cause birth defects and miscarriage. Gestational diabetes tends to have an onset towards the end of pregnancy and is typically less dangerous than traditional diabetes, but can lead to macrosomia, or a “fat” baby. Babies with macrosomia face health problems of their own, including damage to their shoulders during birth. Because of the extra insulin made by the baby’s pancreas, these newborns may have very low blood glucose levels at birth and are also at higher risk for breathing problems. Babies with excess insulin become children who are at risk for obesity and adults who are at risk for type 2 diabetes” (from the ADA).

Diabetes and Birth Defects

Correa and his colleagues evaluated mothers of more than 13,000 infants with birth defects and nearly 5,000 infants without birth defects. The children were born between 1997 and 2003 and were participants in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, which drew data from 10 birth-defect surveillance systems in 10 states.
They looked at whether a mother had diabetes, either type 1 or type 2, before becoming pregnant or whether she developed it during pregnancy. Women also reported other information, including height and weight, so their BMI could be calculated. Twenty-four mothers of the nearly 5,000 infants without birth defects had diabetes before pregnancy,  283 moms of the babies with birth defects had diabetes before pregnancy.

My advise
1..  The couple should control diabetes if any before conceive
2..  They should follow healthy habits before conceive
3..  They should continue healthy habits till delivary

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