Know about Germination

Know about Germination




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How Do Plants Reproduce?

I don't know about you, but I love fruit! Sweet, delicious fruit, though, is actually ripened plant ovaries, or female reproductive organs. The seeds inside the fruits are designed to spread throughout the environment and grow into new plants in a process called seed germination. So if you're a fan of ripened plant ovaries, too, check out this lesson to learn how they grow from tasty snacks into full grown plants.

Seed Formation

Plants reproduce using eggs and sperm, just like people. However, they don't have physical sex! Male plants release pollen, which fertilize ovaries. The fertilized ovaries develop into seeds, which can then be distributed to make new plants. As the fertilized ovaries develop, a surplus of carbohydrates and proteins are stored inside the seed. This will serve as food for the plant until it can develop leaves. Next, the fertilized plant ovaries develop the hardened coat we see as the outside of seeds to protect them against harsh environmental conditions. The seeds then can be carried away by wind or animals to create new plants.

Folate and Ascorbate Content of Germinated Food Grains


Germination period in hours
0
24
48
72
Ascorbate (mg per 100 g) Chick-pea
0
20
24
30
Total folate (mg per 100 g) Chick-pea
21
306
344
374
Ragi
14
16
63
84
Effect of Germination, Malting, and Baking of Bread on Phytin-P
Phytin-P as percentage of Total P
Initial
Final
Chick pea 48 hours germinated
62
44
Malted bajra
46
24
Malted ragi
41
33
Leavened bread
52
24

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